The risk of catastrophic floods exists every year, and heavy downpours often lead to dangerous flooding conditions. Because flooding can occur anywhere, it is important for residents to assess their flood risk, prepare and practice response plans, and learn from past floods. When flooding occurs, affected areas may sustain damage to structures and personal property, as well as severe damage to the environment in the form of soil erosion and deforestation and damage to utilities and transportation systems.
Huntington Beach sits in a flood plain and historical flooding which dates back to 1825. Weather conditions are consistent with coastal southern California, with the greatest threat of severe winter storms during December through March. The threat from tropical storms is greatest in August through October, as a result of hurricanes from Mexico during that timeframe. The southwest facing beach of Huntington Beach can experience surf and wave impacts from both winter and summer storms. Heavy rains combined with high tide and large surf creates an increased potential for flooding. High tides may prevent flow from the Santa Ana River into the Pacific Ocean resulting in flooding in the south end of Huntington Beach.
In Huntington Beach, 75% of the city sits 25 feet or below sea level which increases the vulnerability to flooding. The city has a vast network of flood control facilities to prevent flooding, but heavy rains have the potential to exceed the capacity of the system and cause flooding throughout the city. During periods of heavy rains, water fills the storm drainage system to capacity. Nearby pump stations are unable to pump the accumulated rainwater into the substandard flood control channels, which causes drainage problems. In addition, a large portion of the southeastern area of the City of Huntington Beach has a high water table. When the City experiences heavy rains, the land becomes incapable of absorbing any additional water and flooding may occur. Some of the high water table areas have been classified as wetlands. Finally, High surf occurs when wind from storms at sea forces the water level and wave action toward the shore. Typical surf in Huntington Beach is two to four feet, but waves up to 25 feet have occurred during heavy storms.
The flood hazards that potentially threaten Huntington Beach include:
The City has a Flood Response Plan that is an Annex to the City Emergency Operations Plan. Before a storm, staff gather information an begin planning for potential impacts. The city has key thresholds that designate how the city is going to respond. If certain threshold is met, staff will activate the Emergency Operations Center (EOC). The EOC is a designated facility where trained staff can to coordinate the City response.
During a flood response The mission of the City is to preserve life, property, and the environment. To accomplish this, staff has several objectives. These flood-related incident objectives will normally take precedence over the routine day-to-day mission objectives of the involved agencies:
City of Huntington Beach
2000 Main Street
Huntington Beach, CA
Phone: (714) 536-5411
Fax: (714) 374-1551